The school was originally begun by a group of parents as an elementary school. It became a dedicated high school in 1959.
The Mt Tamalpais School, established in 1972, was a boys' school just using the upper campus for their first year in operation while the girls went to classes down the hill. That arrangement didn't make sense because the faculty were teaching both the boys and the girls.
In a rare display of unequal treatment, the boys were allowed to continue without a uniform when the schools merged, but the girls still had to wear their ginghams until the faculty, board, and alums were persuaded otherwise.
The last year for boarding students living on campus was 1981.